You can select the AF method to suit the shooting conditions or subject. The camera attempts to focus on faces of any people in an AF point or Zone AF frame. In , , and mode, [+Tracking] is set automatically. For instructions on selecting an AF method, see Selecting the AF Method.
The camera detects and focuses on people’s faces. An AF point  appears over any face detected, which is then tracked.
If no face is detected, the entire AF area is used for focusing.
: Spot AF
The camera focuses in a narrower area than [1-point AF].
: 1-point AF
The camera focuses using a single AF point .
: Zone AF
Focuses in a wide Zone AF frame, which makes it easier to acquire subjects than with [1-point AF].
Prioritizes focusing on the nearest subject. Faces of any people in the Zone AF frame are also given priority in focusing.
AF points in focus are displayed with .
Selecting the AF Method
Select [: AF method].
Select an option.
- Without using the menu, you can also set the AF method by pressing the button and then the button.
The camera detects and focuses on people’s faces. If a face moves, the AF point  also moves to track the face.
Check the AF point.
- An AF point  appears over any face detected.
- When multiple faces are detected, pressing the button changes the AF point to . Press the keys to select the face to focus on.
Focus and take the picture.
Once you press the shutter button halfway and the subject is in focus, the AF point turns green and the camera beeps.
An orange AF point indicates that the camera could not focus on subjects.
Tapping a face for focus
Tapping a face or subject to focus on changes the AF point to  and focuses where you tap.
Even if the face or subject moves on the screen, the AF point  moves to track it.
- If the subject’s face is significantly out of focus, face detection will not be possible. Adjust the focus manually () so that the face can be detected, then perform AF.
- An object other than a human face may be detected as a face.
- Face detection will not work if the face is very small or large in the picture, too bright or too dark, or partially hidden.
- AF cannot detect subjects or people’s faces at the edges of the screen. Recompose the shot to center the subject or bring the subject closer to the center.
- The active  may cover only a part of the face, not the whole face.
- The size of the AF point changes depending on the subject.
Spot AF / 1-point AF / Zone AF
You can manually set the AF point or Zone AF frame. Here, 1-point AF screens are used as an example.
Check the AF point.
- The AF point (1) will appear. With Zone AF, the Zone AF frame is displayed.
Move the AF point.
- To move the AF point, tap where you want to focus.
- To center the AF point, tap .
- To move the AF point, press the button, then press the keys.
Focus and take the picture.
Aim the AF point over the subject and press the shutter button halfway. When focus is achieved, the AF point will turn green and the beeper will sound. If focus is not achieved, the AF point will turn orange.
- AF points may not track subjects under some shooting conditions when [Servo AF] is used with Zone AF.
- Focusing with an AF-assist beam may be difficult with AF points near the edge of the screen. In this case, move to an AF point in the center of the screen.
With the AF method set to [+Tracking], you can shoot with the subject’s eyes in focus.
Select [: Eye detection].
Aim the camera at the subject.
- An AF point is displayed around their eye.
- You can also tap the screen to choose an eye.
- If your selected eye is not detected, an eye to focus on is selected automatically.
- You can choose an eye or face to focus on with the keys when  is displayed after you press the button, depending on the [Eye detection] setting.
Take the picture.
- Subject eyes may not be detected correctly, depending on the subject and shooting conditions.
- To cancel eye detection, set [: Eye detection] to [Disable].
- You can switch the [Eye detection] setting by pressing the button when you have set [AF method] to [+Tracking] on the Quick Control screen after pressing .
To check the focus when the AF method is other than [+Tracking], magnify display by approx. 5× or 10× by tapping .
- Magnification is centered on the AF point for [Spot AF] or [1-point AF] and on the Zone AF frame for [Zone AF].
- Autofocusing is performed with magnified display if you press the shutter button halfway when set to [Spot AF], and [1-point AF]. When set to [Zone AF], autofocusing is performed after restoring normal display.
- With Servo AF, if you press the shutter button halfway in the magnified view, the camera will return to the normal view for focusing.
- If focusing is difficult in the magnified view, return to the normal view and perform AF.
- If you perform AF in the normal view and then use the magnified view, accurate focus may not be achieved.
- AF speed differs between the normal view and magnified view.
- Continuous AF and Movie Servo AF are not available when display is magnified.
- With the magnified view, achieving focus becomes more difficult due to camera shake. Using a tripod is recommended.
AF Shooting Tips
- Even when focus is achieved, pressing the shutter button halfway will focus again.
- Image brightness may change before and after autofocusing.
- Depending on the subject and shooting conditions, it may take longer to focus, or the continuous shooting speed may decrease.
- If the light source changes as you shoot, the screen may flicker, and focusing may be difficult. In this case, restart the camera and resume shooting with AF under the light source you will use.
- If focusing is not possible with AF, focus manually ().
- For subjects at the edge of the screen that are slightly out of focus, try centering the subject (or AF point, or Zone AF frame) to bring them into focus, then recompose the shot before shooting.
- With certain lenses, it may take more time to achieve focus with autofocus, or accurate focusing may not be achieved.
Shooting Conditions That Make Focusing Difficult
- Subject with low-contrast such as the blue sky, solid-color flat surfaces or when highlight or shadow details are clipped.
- Subjects in low light.
- Stripes and other patterns where there is contrast only in the horizontal direction.
- Subjects with repetitive patterns (Example: Skyscraper windows, computer keyboards, etc.).
- Fine lines and subject outlines.
- Under light sources with constantly changing brightness, colors, or patterns.
- Night scenes or points of light.
- The image flickers under fluorescent or LED lighting.
- Extremely small subjects.
- Subjects at the edge of the screen.
- Strongly backlit or reflective subjects (Example: Car with a highly reflective surfaces, etc.).
- Near and distant subjects covered by an AF point (Example: Animal in a cage, etc.).
- Subjects that keep moving within the AF point and will not stay still due to camera shake or subject blur.
- Performing AF when the subject is very far out of focus.
- Soft focus effect is applied with a soft focus lens.
- A special effect filter is used.
- Noise (dots of light, banding, etc.) appears on the screen during AF.
The available autofocus range varies depending on the lens used and aspect ratio and whether you are using features such as Movie digital IS.